Foods to Limit or Avoid
Sugar – Not all sugars are the same. In fact, the kind of sugar naturally found in fruit is not harmful for diabetics if eaten in small amounts. However, the high amount of sugar found in soft drinks, pastries and enriched carbohydrates can be detrimental to your health. Not only do these amounts raise your blood sugar, but they also cause weight gain, which can lead to an increased risk for heart attack, obesity and heart disease. It is best to have these foods on rare occasions or avoid them altogether.
Fat – There are different kinds of fat, but saturated fat and trans-fats are especially dangerous for your health. Saturated fats are the dense fats found in fatty meats, full-fat dairy products and processed meats like hot dogs and sausage. Trans-fats are found in high-fat pastries, baked goods, shortening and margarine. As a general rule, avoid these fats altogether or indulge only on rare occasions when healthier choices aren’t available.
Sodium – Sodium can be found in many products today. In fact, sodium is used in ketchup, processed meats, deli meats, frozen foods and canned foods. Although a small amount of sodium is not dangerous to your health, the ADA recommends aiming for less than 2,000 mg a day. However, if you have high blood pressure in addition to diabetes, your doctor may recommend a reduced sodium diet with even less sodium.